This is the most important aspect of long-term energy efficiency.
We produce incredibly tight buildings with high indoor air quality (which is a problem in some new homes today) by properly air sealing, carefully installing the right insulation, using high performance windows and doors, and installing high performance ventilation. Then we test each home to identify and seal any weak spots. This aspect of green building is about attention to detail and doesn’t significantly increase the cost of construction.
More than 30% of all US landfill waste comes from construction projects. This is a sad and unfortunate statistic. Most builders are too lazy to do the small amount of extra work to separate clean wood, cardboard and metal from the materials that have no other option but the landfill. We are proud to send as little to the landfill as possible. The vast majority of our construction debris is recycled and this is a very high priority on all of our projects. Nothing is thrown away that can be used or recycled. This extra effort means we save tons of waste from Front Range landfills every year. If you want to evaluate a green builder to see if they walk the walk, go look in their dumpster for materials that could have been recycled and instead are going to the landfill.
A few years ago “green building” meant installing bamboo flooring shipped from China. Today, it’s a different story. From windows to stone to roofing and siding, we evaluate all materials and recommend greener substitutes that fit with your budget. The greenest materials are the ones that are local and we use those whenever possible. Cottonwood Custom Builders keeps up on the latest technologies and materials and which are most environmentally friendly and local. We have some of the best stone in the world just up the road in Lyons, Loveland and Fort Collins. Beetle kill pine is a beautiful material for a variety of uses. We use rigid foam made in Denver that is 1/3 the cost of DOW blue board. One of the highest performing window brands is based and manufactured in Boulder.
Photovoltaic electric power systems, solar thermal hot water, and geothermal heating and cooling are complex and require substantial upfront investment. You need someone with extensive installation experience to avoid any major problems and costly mistakes in the future.
In the last two decades we’ve built several of the region’s lowest rated (that’s a good thing) Net Zero homes—some as low as HERS -2. For reference, Boulder’s Green Building code is a HERS of 60 which equals the “Energy Star” standard and the International Energy Efficiency Code is a HERS of 100. The lower the HERS rating the more efficient the house. We are happy to report that we have perfected our approach to designing the best system for a particular project and work with subcontractors that do work above industry standards.
The Home Efficiency Rating System is the industry standard by which a home’s energy efficiency is measured relative to other buildings. It’s also the nationally recognized system for inspecting and calculating a home’s energy performance, similar to the Miles Per Gallon (MPG) rating for cars.
To calculate a HERS score, the variables under consideration include all exterior walls, flooring, ceilings and roof, foundation, windows, doors, vents and ductwork, HVAC systems, water heating systems, etc.
The current International Energy Efficiency Code (IECC) is a HERS score of 100. The City of Boulder requires a HERS of 60 which is the Energy Star level and means a building is 40% better than code. What does all of this mean to you? A low HERS rating can mean high resale value, lower utility bills, better air quality and lower environmental impact.
Because of our high standards, Cottonwood Custom Builder’s homes are above Front Range code standards.
Cottonwood Custom Builders has completed several Net Zero homes and is currently building a 14,000 sf home in east Boulder County with a pool, spa and outdoor fireplaces that will achieve a -2 HERS rating. The home includes 20 kw Photovoltaic system, geothermal radiant heating and cooling, solar thermal domestic hot water, state-of-the-art plumbing and electrical systems. The pool and spa are heated for “free” by waste heat from Geo cooling.
Additional projects including a recent remodel of a 1980’s ranch with a walkout basement near Lyons, which required a HERS score of 74. CCBI achieved a HERS of 48 and more than 30% of the home was untouched by the remodel.